Crafting Cleaner

Crafting clean and efficient code is essential for any software project. Writing high-quality code is not only a skill but also a discipline that helps reduce the chances of bugs, improve performance, and make the codebase easier to maintain and update over time.

It’s important to understand that writing cleaner and better code is not just about following rules but also about adopting a mindset that prioritises readability, maintainability, and efficiency. In this post, we will discuss ten proven tips and techniques for crafting cleaner and better code.

10 Proven Tips and Techniques for Cleaner and Better Code

Check out the following tips that might be useful to get cleaner and better code.

1. Use Descriptive Names

Good naming conventions are critical for creating clean and efficient code. A good name should accurately describe the function or variable’s purpose and be easy to remember. Improved naming conventions can significantly enhance code readability and facilitate comprehension for fellow developers.

On the other hand, bad naming conventions can make the code harder to understand, leading to longer debugging times. Selecting descriptive and intuitive names for variables, functions, and classes is paramount for writing high-quality code. It’s also important to avoid using single-letter variables, abbreviations, or acronyms.

2. Keep Functions Short and Simple

Functions should be short and to the point. Functions that are excessively long can pose challenges for comprehension and debugging. A recommended guideline is to maintain functions below 30 lines of code.

If a function is longer than that, it’s time to break it down into smaller, simpler functions. Decomposing tasks into smaller units enhances code comprehension and modularity and facilitates testing.

3. Testing the Code

Tests are indispensable for verifying that the code performs as intended and the application is secure. They help catch bugs before they reach production and allow developers to make changes confidently. Different types of testing include unit tests, integration tests, fuzz testing and end-to-end tests. Learn more about how to build secure java applications with fuzz testing.

4. Avoid Global Variables

Global variables are code smells that can cause code readability and maintenance issues. Instead of using global variables, consider using function arguments or returning values from functions. This approach makes the code more modular and easier to test. Global variables also make it harder to track down where a variable is used or modified, leading to longer debugging times.

5. Use Comments and Documentation

Comments and documentation are essential for making code easier to understand. Good comments provide context and explain why a piece of code exists, while documentation describes how a codebase is structured and how it should be used.

Comments should be utilised judiciously and not to clarify what the code is accomplishing. Rather, comments should clarify why the code is executing in the way it is. Documentation should be extensive, comprehensible, and current.

6. Go for Coding Conventions

Coding conventions are guidelines that specify how code should be written. These guidelines ensure that the code is consistent and easier to read. Examples of coding conventions include naming conventions, code formatting, and indentation.

Consistent coding conventions make it easier for developers to read and understand code, even if they did not write it themselves. Additionally, conforming to coding conventions simplifies the detection of flaws and inconsistencies in the code.

7. Terminate Duplicates

Duplicate code is a sign of poor code organisation and can make maintenance more difficult. If you find duplicated code, consider refactoring it into a reusable function. Refactoring code eliminates duplicate code and makes the code more modular and easier to test. Duplicated code can also cause issues with consistency and can lead to errors.

8. Use Error Handling

Incorporating error handling is essential to develop durable and dependable software. By handling errors gracefully, developers can avoid crashes and improve the user experience. Common types of error handling include catching exceptions, using try-catch blocks, and using error codes.

When handling errors, it’s important to provide meaningful error messages that describe what went wrong and how to fix the issue.

9. Use Design Patterns

Design patterns are standardised solutions to recurring programming difficulties that can be employed multiple times. They provide a standardised way of solving problems, making the codebase more modular and easier to maintain. Exemplars of design patterns comprise the Singleton pattern, the Factory pattern, and the Observer pattern.

When using design patterns, it’s essential to choose the correct pattern for the problem at hand and to follow established conventions for implementing the pattern.

10. Optimize for Performance

Optimising performance is important for creating efficient and responsive software. Performance optimisation techniques include using efficient algorithms, minimising database queries, and optimising memory usage. Nevertheless, it is crucial to find a balance between performance and maintainability.  Overly optimised code can be challenging to understand and maintain over time.


Crafting cleaner and better code is essential for any software project. By following the tips and techniques discussed in this post, developers can create more readable, maintainable, and efficient code.

Ultimately, writing better code is a skill that requires practice and dedication. With time, all developers can learn how to write cleaner and more efficient code. By incorporating these coding best practices into their everyday workflow, developers can produce code that is readable and maintainable in the long term.